Mammal Identification

Roe Deer Capreolus capreolus

Identification features

  • Relatively large mammal with longs legs (standing at 75cm excluding the antlers)
  • Males have short unbranched antlers which stick straight from the head
  • Conspicuous ears
  • Fur colour can be variable but is reddish-brown in summer and greyish/black in winter.
  • Tail appears to be absent
  • Rump has a white diamond shape

Photo: Steve DockerRoe deer are recorded in open mixed woodland, usually solitary or in small groups.They are most active at dusk and dawn.

Other identification clues


During the rut (mid July to August) males can be heard 'barking.'

Skulls and antlers

The deer lose their antlers after the rut. These can sometimes be found lying on the ground. They are relatively short compared to the fallow and red deer and are unbranched, ending in a single point.


Photo: debbie CourtRoe deer droppings are black in colour when fresh and have cylinder shape with a point at one end and a dimple at the other.

Status in Derbyshire information